Kidney cancer forms in the kidney(s), the organs that remove waste from the blood and transport the wastes to the bladder.
- Renal cell carcinoma - the most common type of kidney cancer, forms in the lining of the small tubes connecting the kidney to the bladder.
Kidney cancer symptoms are not usually present in early stages, in later stages symptoms may include:
- Blood in the urine.
- Side or lower back pain that does not go away.
- Weight loss.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Risk Factors & Prevention
You are at a greater risk for kidney cancer if you:
- Are over the age of 40.
- Smoke or are exposed to smoke.
- Are overweight.
- Have high blood pressure.
- Are male.
- Are exposed to certain chemicals.
- Have been treated for kidney failure.
- Have inherited Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome.
- Have a family history of kidney cancer.
The causes of kidney cancer are unknown. By controlling the risk factors that can be changed, such as not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight and normal blood pressure, you can help reduce your risk for kidney cancer. Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals can also help.